The Top Ten Responses to Campus Anti-Semitism

September 22, 2013 5:46 pm 10 comments

Wheaton College.

Some of us are accustomed to criticizing government and campus leaders when they fail to respond properly to anti-Semitism.  But what are these leaders getting right?  As the new academic year begins, we would like to strike a positive note.  The Louis D. Brandeis Center has developed the following top ten list of laudable actions recently taken to address the upsurge in campus anti-Semitism.  We concede that some of these actions are debatable, and we agree that a few have had some flaws.  Nevertheless, they all represent a step forward.  We have commended some of these officials before, but we are happy to do it again.

Wheaton College (Norton Mass)

In November 2012, anti-Semitic graffiti was found painted onto the back door of a Jewish residence at Wheaton College, a private liberal arts school in Massachusetts. Wheaton President Ronald Crutcher addressed this neo-Nazi vandalism firmly and directly in a campus wide email, writing, “I want to be clear: this will not be tolerated…”  In response, the campus community came together to heal, with campus-wide discussions, a potluck dinner, and even a Facebook page aimed toward highlighting the college’s diverse student body.

Oberlin College

In March 2013, at Oberlin College in northern Ohio, it was reported that someone was walking around campus wearing the robes of a KKK member. This incident came after a month-long string of unrelated hate crimes, including swastikas being drawn on buildings and posters. In response, Oberlin cancelled classes and activities for the day, in order to hold a school wide discussion about the disturbances.  A campus wide convocation provided an opportunity for the community to come together, to be informed, to support targeted groups, to acknowledge the impact on the entire community, and to talk about how to move forward.

University of California System

At the end of February 2012, hecklers disrupted a lecture at UC Davis, entitled “Israeli Soldiers Speak Out.”  After an extended period of time, the speech was able to continue, but outbursts from the audience still hindered the event throughout the remainder.  Shortly afterwards, University of California President Mark Yudof addressed the entire University of California community in an open letter that strongly reprimanded the hecklers.  “I condemn the actions of those who would disrupt this event,” Yudof wrote. “Attempting to shout down speakers is not protected speech. It is an action meant to deny others their right to free speech.”  We have criticized the University of California for failing to respond properly to other incidents, both before and since, but we believe in giving credit where credit is do.

U.S. Department of State Special Envoy

In 2004, George W. Bush signed into law the Global Anti-Semitism Review Act, which created the position of Special Envoy to Monitor and Combat Anti-Semitism. This law officially recognized anti-Semitism in America and the world as a serious problem that must be addressed. In late 2012, the Obama administration’s first global anti-Semitism envoy, Hannah Rosenthal issued a strong new U.S. State Department definition of anti-Semitism, patterned after the European Union’s International Working Definition of Anti-Semitism. While not specifically fashioned as a response to campus anti-Semitism, the State Department definition provides a useful tool for university administrators.

UC Davis

In November 2012, the Brandeis Center helped bring to light a disturbing incident the UC Davis campus after approximately forty protestors occupied a university administrative building.  When three Jewish students entered the occupied building, they were met with hostile behavior, including intimidation, bullying, and verbal harassment. The protesters began pounding their fists, getting into the Jewish students’ faces, and making menacing physical gestures, all while shouting expletives. The Jewish students told Brandeis Center lawyers that they had found the entire incident to be “‘incredibly upsetting.”  In response to concerns expressed by the Brandeis Center and the Amcha Initiative, Davis Chancellor Linda Katehi, opened her own investigation. At the close of the investigation, Dr. Katehi established important guidelines to prevent similar problems in the future.

OCR 2010 Dear Colleague letter

In 2004, when I was delegated the authority of Assistant Secretary for Civil Rights at the U.S. Department of Education, I issued a formal policy guidance letter calling attention to increased discrimination against Jewish students and establishing (or “clarifying”) Title VI protections for Jewish students. My successors did not always adhere to the Marcus Policy, despite recommendations from the U.S. Commission on Civil Rights that they do so.  In 2010, the Obama administration formally confirmed the 2004 Marcus policy and issued guidance elaborating on it. This new guidance, the Ali Policy, confirmed that OCR would prosecute anti-Semitism cases at publicly funded educational institutions.  Unfortunately, it is not clear whether OCR is living up to the Ali Policy, but the framework exists for effective action if the Obama administration is ready to stand by its own words.

Irvine 11

On February 10, 2010, Israeli Ambassador to the United States Michael Oren was delivering a speech at UC Irvine when an organized group of students repeatedly halted his presentation with loud heckling.  In response, eleven students were arrested and later convicted for disturbing the peace after they had denied Oren the right to free speech and the free flow of ideas with his audience.  UC Irvine then suspended the responsible organization from campus for a quarter, based on evidence that it had actively conspired to disrupt the speech.

Ottawa Protocol

The Ottawa Protocol on Combatting Anti-Semitism is an action plan developed during the second annual Conference of the Inter-Parliamentary Coalition for Combating Anti-Semitism in November 2010.  Parliamentary representatives from nearly 50 countries participated, recognizing the growing incidence of anti-Semitism worldwide. At my recommendation, the Ottawa Protocol urged colleges and universities to comply with the International Working Definition of Anti-Semitism, while simultaneously expressing a commitment to freedom of speech.

UC Campus Climate report

On July 9, 2012, the University of California system released their report on the Jewish Student Campus Climate, based on their fact-finding teams reports and recommendations. The report provided a balanced assessment of conditions for Jewish students, describing both the good and the bad.  There are many positive recommendations, but perhaps the most important one from the report urges university officials to adopt a formal definition of anti-Semitism, such as the International Working Definition of Anti-Semitism.  Unfortunately, at least one of the report’s recommendations raises legitimate First Amendment to concerns, but the other elements are very worthwhile and the Brandeis Center has urged the University of California to adopt them.

Cal H.R. 35

In August 2012, the California State Assembly passed a resolution, HR 35, which urged condemnation of anti-Semitism on UC campuses. The resolution calls upon UC campuses to “swiftly and unequivocally condemn acts of anti-Semitism.” Additionally, the resolution urges adoption of the International Working Definition or a similar definition.  Like the Campus Climate report, this resolution does have some constitutionally troublesome language, but the basic thrust of the resolution is most welcome, and most recommendations are solid.

I thank former Brandeis Center intern Andrew Loeb for his assistance with this article.

10 Comments

  • As one who has taught part-time at UC Irvine for 15 years and witnessed many of the events first-hand, I regard the non-handling of the nti-Semitismproblem by Yudof and his chancellors as a disgrace. Napolitano, based on her previous history with DHS will probably be worse.

  • I ALWAYS LAUGH WHEN PEOPLE GO INTO SHOCK HEARING THAT JESUS WAS A JEW….OYYYYYYYY!!!

    WHERE DOES THAT LEAVE THEM???

  • Dear Andrew Marcus,
    Thank you for devoting your time to combatting anti-Semitism on American campuses. To be a Jewish student in an American (or Canadian, European or elsewhere) university is not easy nor comfortable, sadly. You are helping to right the situation, and hopefully, there is hope for a better future on campus.
    Sincerely,
    Laurie Sapir
    Seattle/Israel

  • As far as the incidents at UC Davis, it should be noted that the student who heckled the event (and the student organization who he alleged paid him to do so) were not disciplined in any way. Nor, to my knowledge, were the students who took over the administration building and threatened the Jewish students.
    If pro-Israel students heckled an event put on by Students for “Justice” in Palestine, it’s hard to imagine that they would not have faced immediate and strong consequences. A few years ago at UC Berkeley when pro-Israel students didn’t heckle, but merely held up signs at an anti-Israel speaker, their group was sanctioned.

    • Ragged Claws

      Precisely why I have stopped making contributions to that University. And telling them why I have done so.

  • Note the expression should be “where credit is DUE.”

  • The University of California’s lack of response is a complete disgrace. I can’t imagine things getting better under the leadership of Janet Napolitano.

  • LARRY D NACHMAN

    I believe the Oberlin “KKK” events described above were found to be a hoax.

Leave a Reply

Please note: comments may be published in the Algemeiner print edition.


Current day month ye@r *

More...

  • Arts and Culture Spirituality/Tradition Placing Matisyahu Back Within a Life of Observance

    Placing Matisyahu Back Within a Life of Observance

    Shining Light on Fiction During the North Korea-Sony saga, we learned two important lessons. The first is that there are two sides to this story, and neither of them are correct because ultimately we should have neither inappropriate movies nor dictators. The second is that we cannot remain entirely fixed on the religious world, but we also must see beyond the external, secular view of reality. It’s important to ground our Torah-based thoughts into real-life activism. To view our act [...]

    Read more →
  • Arts and Culture Blogs Nine Decades of Moses at the Movies

    Nine Decades of Moses at the Movies

    JNS.org – Hollywood has had its share of big-budget biblical flops, but until now, the Exodus narrative has not been among them. Studios have brought Moses to the big screen sparingly, but in ways that defined the image and character of Moses for each generation of audiences. The first biblical epic In 1923, director Cecil B. DeMille left it to the American public to decide the subject of his next movie for Paramount. DeMille received a letter from a mechanic [...]

    Read more →
  • Arts and Culture Blogs Exodus on Screen (REVIEW)

    Exodus on Screen (REVIEW)

    JNS.org – The story of the Exodus from Egypt is a tale as old as time itself, to borrow a turn of phrase. It’s retold every Passover, both at the seder table and whenever “The Ten Commandments” is aired on television. But the latest adaptation—Ridley Scott’s epic film, “Exodus: Gods and Kings”—fails to meet expectations. Scott’s “Exodus” alters the source material to service the story and ground the tale, but the attempt to reinvent the biblical narrative becomes laughable. Moses [...]

    Read more →
  • Jewish Identity Lifestyle ‘Jewish Food Movement’ Comes of Age

    ‘Jewish Food Movement’ Comes of Age

    JNS.org - In December 2007, leaders of the Hazon nonprofit drafted seven-year goals for what they coined as the “Jewish Food Movement,” which has since been characterized by the increased prioritization of healthy eating, sustainable agriculture, and food-related activism in the Jewish community. What do the next seven years hold in store? “One thing I would like to see happen in the next seven years is [regarding] the issue of sugar, soda, and obesity, [seeing] what would it be like to rally the [...]

    Read more →
  • Blogs Education Seeds of ‘Start-Up Nation’ Cultivated by Israel Sci-Tech Schools

    Seeds of ‘Start-Up Nation’ Cultivated by Israel Sci-Tech Schools

    JNS.org – Forget the dioramas. How about working on an Israeli Air Force drone? That’s exactly the kind of beyond-their-years access enjoyed by students at the Israel Aerospace Industries (IAI) industrial vocational high school run by Israel Sci-Tech Schools, the largest education network in the Jewish state. More than 300 students (250 on the high school level and 68 at a two-year vocational academy) get hands-on training in the disciplines of aviation mechanics, electricity and energy control, and unmanned air [...]

    Read more →
  • Beliefs and concepts Education Haredim and Bedouin: A Tale of Two Communities Transformed by Vocational Education

    Haredim and Bedouin: A Tale of Two Communities Transformed by Vocational Education

    JNS.org – Low enlistment rates in the Israel Defense Forces (IDF). High rates of poverty. Communal resistance to traditional schooling. Difficulty finding employment or a lack of motivation to be employed. These conditions are shared by two sectors of the Israeli population that the casual observer likely wouldn’t group together: haredi Jews and Bedouin. Through its operation of schools for each population, however, the Israel Sci-Tech Schools Network seeks to give haredim and Bedouin a brighter future in the Jewish [...]

    Read more →
  • Arts and Culture Theater US & Canada New Play Explores the ‘Arrogance’ of American Jews Critical of Israel, Playwright Says

    New Play Explores the ‘Arrogance’ of American Jews Critical of Israel, Playwright Says

    In his new play Mr. Goldberg Goes to Tel Aviv, playwright Oren Safdie tackles an issue that is a cause of great concern to him: the relationship between Israelis and left-leaning Diaspora Jews with their “I know better” critical views. At the heart of the one-act play is Tony, a Jewish and gay Palestinian sympathizer who expresses strong anti-Israel sentiments when the play begins and at one point even sides with a Palestinian terrorist who holds him captive. Tony, who is [...]

    Read more →
  • Music US & Canada Hassidic Parody of Taylor Swift Song Apes Long Jewish Holidays (VIDEO)

    Hassidic Parody of Taylor Swift Song Apes Long Jewish Holidays (VIDEO)

    A Jewish comedy troupe released a parody video on Wednesday of Taylor Swift’s hit song Shake It Off in which they joke about taking extensive time off from work for Jewish holidays. “And the goyim gonna stay, stay, stay, stay, stay. And the Jews are gonna pray, pray pray, pray, pray. I’m just gonna take, take, take, take, take. I’m taking off,” goes the chorus for I’m Taking Off. Menachem Weinstein, the video’s lead singer, is the creative director at [...]

    Read more →



Sign up now to receive our regular news briefs.