Sign up now to receive our regular news briefs.

The Top Ten Responses to Campus Anti-Semitism

September 22, 2013 5:46 pm 10 comments

Wheaton College.

Some of us are accustomed to criticizing government and campus leaders when they fail to respond properly to anti-Semitism.  But what are these leaders getting right?  As the new academic year begins, we would like to strike a positive note.  The Louis D. Brandeis Center has developed the following top ten list of laudable actions recently taken to address the upsurge in campus anti-Semitism.  We concede that some of these actions are debatable, and we agree that a few have had some flaws.  Nevertheless, they all represent a step forward.  We have commended some of these officials before, but we are happy to do it again.

Wheaton College (Norton Mass)

In November 2012, anti-Semitic graffiti was found painted onto the back door of a Jewish residence at Wheaton College, a private liberal arts school in Massachusetts. Wheaton President Ronald Crutcher addressed this neo-Nazi vandalism firmly and directly in a campus wide email, writing, “I want to be clear: this will not be tolerated…”  In response, the campus community came together to heal, with campus-wide discussions, a potluck dinner, and even a Facebook page aimed toward highlighting the college’s diverse student body.

Oberlin College

In March 2013, at Oberlin College in northern Ohio, it was reported that someone was walking around campus wearing the robes of a KKK member. This incident came after a month-long string of unrelated hate crimes, including swastikas being drawn on buildings and posters. In response, Oberlin cancelled classes and activities for the day, in order to hold a school wide discussion about the disturbances.  A campus wide convocation provided an opportunity for the community to come together, to be informed, to support targeted groups, to acknowledge the impact on the entire community, and to talk about how to move forward.

University of California System

At the end of February 2012, hecklers disrupted a lecture at UC Davis, entitled “Israeli Soldiers Speak Out.”  After an extended period of time, the speech was able to continue, but outbursts from the audience still hindered the event throughout the remainder.  Shortly afterwards, University of California President Mark Yudof addressed the entire University of California community in an open letter that strongly reprimanded the hecklers.  “I condemn the actions of those who would disrupt this event,” Yudof wrote. “Attempting to shout down speakers is not protected speech. It is an action meant to deny others their right to free speech.”  We have criticized the University of California for failing to respond properly to other incidents, both before and since, but we believe in giving credit where credit is do.

U.S. Department of State Special Envoy

In 2004, George W. Bush signed into law the Global Anti-Semitism Review Act, which created the position of Special Envoy to Monitor and Combat Anti-Semitism. This law officially recognized anti-Semitism in America and the world as a serious problem that must be addressed. In late 2012, the Obama administration’s first global anti-Semitism envoy, Hannah Rosenthal issued a strong new U.S. State Department definition of anti-Semitism, patterned after the European Union’s International Working Definition of Anti-Semitism. While not specifically fashioned as a response to campus anti-Semitism, the State Department definition provides a useful tool for university administrators.

UC Davis

In November 2012, the Brandeis Center helped bring to light a disturbing incident the UC Davis campus after approximately forty protestors occupied a university administrative building.  When three Jewish students entered the occupied building, they were met with hostile behavior, including intimidation, bullying, and verbal harassment. The protesters began pounding their fists, getting into the Jewish students’ faces, and making menacing physical gestures, all while shouting expletives. The Jewish students told Brandeis Center lawyers that they had found the entire incident to be “‘incredibly upsetting.”  In response to concerns expressed by the Brandeis Center and the Amcha Initiative, Davis Chancellor Linda Katehi, opened her own investigation. At the close of the investigation, Dr. Katehi established important guidelines to prevent similar problems in the future.

OCR 2010 Dear Colleague letter

In 2004, when I was delegated the authority of Assistant Secretary for Civil Rights at the U.S. Department of Education, I issued a formal policy guidance letter calling attention to increased discrimination against Jewish students and establishing (or “clarifying”) Title VI protections for Jewish students. My successors did not always adhere to the Marcus Policy, despite recommendations from the U.S. Commission on Civil Rights that they do so.  In 2010, the Obama administration formally confirmed the 2004 Marcus policy and issued guidance elaborating on it. This new guidance, the Ali Policy, confirmed that OCR would prosecute anti-Semitism cases at publicly funded educational institutions.  Unfortunately, it is not clear whether OCR is living up to the Ali Policy, but the framework exists for effective action if the Obama administration is ready to stand by its own words.

Irvine 11

On February 10, 2010, Israeli Ambassador to the United States Michael Oren was delivering a speech at UC Irvine when an organized group of students repeatedly halted his presentation with loud heckling.  In response, eleven students were arrested and later convicted for disturbing the peace after they had denied Oren the right to free speech and the free flow of ideas with his audience.  UC Irvine then suspended the responsible organization from campus for a quarter, based on evidence that it had actively conspired to disrupt the speech.

Ottawa Protocol

The Ottawa Protocol on Combatting Anti-Semitism is an action plan developed during the second annual Conference of the Inter-Parliamentary Coalition for Combating Anti-Semitism in November 2010.  Parliamentary representatives from nearly 50 countries participated, recognizing the growing incidence of anti-Semitism worldwide. At my recommendation, the Ottawa Protocol urged colleges and universities to comply with the International Working Definition of Anti-Semitism, while simultaneously expressing a commitment to freedom of speech.

UC Campus Climate report

On July 9, 2012, the University of California system released their report on the Jewish Student Campus Climate, based on their fact-finding teams reports and recommendations. The report provided a balanced assessment of conditions for Jewish students, describing both the good and the bad.  There are many positive recommendations, but perhaps the most important one from the report urges university officials to adopt a formal definition of anti-Semitism, such as the International Working Definition of Anti-Semitism.  Unfortunately, at least one of the report’s recommendations raises legitimate First Amendment to concerns, but the other elements are very worthwhile and the Brandeis Center has urged the University of California to adopt them.

Cal H.R. 35

In August 2012, the California State Assembly passed a resolution, HR 35, which urged condemnation of anti-Semitism on UC campuses. The resolution calls upon UC campuses to “swiftly and unequivocally condemn acts of anti-Semitism.” Additionally, the resolution urges adoption of the International Working Definition or a similar definition.  Like the Campus Climate report, this resolution does have some constitutionally troublesome language, but the basic thrust of the resolution is most welcome, and most recommendations are solid.

I thank former Brandeis Center intern Andrew Loeb for his assistance with this article.

10 Comments

  • As one who has taught part-time at UC Irvine for 15 years and witnessed many of the events first-hand, I regard the non-handling of the nti-Semitismproblem by Yudof and his chancellors as a disgrace. Napolitano, based on her previous history with DHS will probably be worse.

  • I ALWAYS LAUGH WHEN PEOPLE GO INTO SHOCK HEARING THAT JESUS WAS A JEW….OYYYYYYYY!!!

    WHERE DOES THAT LEAVE THEM???

  • Dear Andrew Marcus,
    Thank you for devoting your time to combatting anti-Semitism on American campuses. To be a Jewish student in an American (or Canadian, European or elsewhere) university is not easy nor comfortable, sadly. You are helping to right the situation, and hopefully, there is hope for a better future on campus.
    Sincerely,
    Laurie Sapir
    Seattle/Israel

  • As far as the incidents at UC Davis, it should be noted that the student who heckled the event (and the student organization who he alleged paid him to do so) were not disciplined in any way. Nor, to my knowledge, were the students who took over the administration building and threatened the Jewish students.
    If pro-Israel students heckled an event put on by Students for “Justice” in Palestine, it’s hard to imagine that they would not have faced immediate and strong consequences. A few years ago at UC Berkeley when pro-Israel students didn’t heckle, but merely held up signs at an anti-Israel speaker, their group was sanctioned.

    • Ragged Claws

      Precisely why I have stopped making contributions to that University. And telling them why I have done so.

  • Note the expression should be “where credit is DUE.”

  • The University of California’s lack of response is a complete disgrace. I can’t imagine things getting better under the leadership of Janet Napolitano.

  • LARRY D NACHMAN

    I believe the Oberlin “KKK” events described above were found to be a hoax.

Leave a Reply

Please note: comments may be published in the Algemeiner print edition. Comments written in all caps will be deleted.


Current day month ye@r *

More...

  • Arts and Culture Middle East Larry King Asks Saudi Arabian Fan If Taking Pictures With Jews Is Permitted

    Larry King Asks Saudi Arabian Fan If Taking Pictures With Jews Is Permitted

    Jewish former CNN host Larry King asked a Saudi Arabian fan if taking pictures with Jews is allowed in his country, before agreeing to pose for a photo with the man, The New York Times reported on Wednesday. The world-famous interviewer was leaving the Ritz Carlton hotel in Washington, D.C. with a New York Times reporter when a “dark-skinned man” approached and asked to take a picture with him, according to the publication. Whereupon, King asked the fan where he was from. When the man said Saudi […]

    Read more →
  • Europe Sports Britain’s Lord Sugar Says Synagogues Will Be Empty With Yom Kippur Matchup of Jewish-Supported Soccer Teams

    Britain’s Lord Sugar Says Synagogues Will Be Empty With Yom Kippur Matchup of Jewish-Supported Soccer Teams

    British-Jewish business tycoon Lord Alan Sugar joked on Wednesday that London synagogues will likely be empty during Yom Kippur with congregants fleeing to watch the match-up of two leading English soccer teams known for having hordes of Jewish fans. “Spurs V Arsenal cup game drawn on most important Jewish festival,” Lord Sugar pointed out on Twitter. “Both teams have loads of Jewish fans. Conclusion Synagogues will be empty.” North London rivals Tottenham Hotspur and Arsenal FC will go head-to-head in the Capital One Cup third-round […]

    Read more →
  • Arts and Culture US & Canada Jewish Men Pass Jimmy Kimmel Social Experiment, Rescuing ‘Spongebob’ in Distress (VIDEO)

    Jewish Men Pass Jimmy Kimmel Social Experiment, Rescuing ‘Spongebob’ in Distress (VIDEO)

    Two Jewish men were the only unwitting participants in a social experiment conducted by Jimmy Kimmel, for his popular TV show. As part of a candid-camera-like sketch featured Monday night on Jimmy Kimmel Live, the host devised different street scenes to observe human behavior — in particular, to see how long it would take people walking down California’s bustling Hollywood Boulevard to notice and interact with others in distress. One scene involved a man in a Spongebob Squarepants costume who had “fallen down” on the sidewalk and needed help […]

    Read more →
  • Education US & Canada International Jewish Organization Blasts Israeli-Born Star Natalie Portman for Comments on Holocaust Education

    International Jewish Organization Blasts Israeli-Born Star Natalie Portman for Comments on Holocaust Education

    A major Jewish organization rebuked actress Natalie Portman on Monday for saying in a recent interview that Jews put too much emphasis on teaching about the Holocaust relative to other genocides. The Israeli-born movie star told the U.K.’s Independent that the Jewish community needs to examine how much focus it puts on Holocaust education over other issues. She said she was shocked when she learned that a genocide was taking place in Rwanda while she was in school learning only about the horrors of the […]

    Read more →
  • Arts and Culture Israel Book Draws Parallels Between Holocaust and Palestinian Nakba, Sparks Outrage

    Book Draws Parallels Between Holocaust and Palestinian Nakba, Sparks Outrage

    JNS.org – A new book that draws parallels between the Holocaust and the Palestinian Nakba (the Arabic term for the displacement of Palestinian refugees during Israel’s War of Independence) has sparked outrage ahead of an official book launch, to be hosted by the Van Leer Jerusalem Institute on Sept. 7. The Zionist organization Im Tirtzu wrote a letter to the institute demanding that it cancel an event it planned in honor of the book’s authors, under the title The Holocaust and […]

    Read more →
  • Education US & Canada Natalie Portman Says Holocaust Education Shouldn’t be Used for ‘Fearmongering’

    Natalie Portman Says Holocaust Education Shouldn’t be Used for ‘Fearmongering’

    Famed actress Natalie Portman warned on Friday against the use of Holocaust education to evoke fear and paranoia. In an interview with the U.K. Independent she added that the trauma should make Jews more empathetic to others who have also experienced hatred. “Sometimes it can be subverted to fearmongering and like ‘Another Holocaust is going to happen,’” the Israeli-American star said. “We need to, of course, be aware that hatred exists, antisemitism exists against all sorts of people, not in the same way. I […]

    Read more →
  • Book Reviews Commentary A Righteous Gentile Navigates the Sharkpool of Washington’s Middle East Correspondents (REVIEW)

    A Righteous Gentile Navigates the Sharkpool of Washington’s Middle East Correspondents (REVIEW)

    The Tribalist, by Louis Marano, is ostensibly a work of fiction but at its core a kind of love song by a gentile journalist for the State of Israel, and especially its secular Zionist core. (Because of the relentless attacks by left-wing polemicists on Israel’s allegedly “messianic” fringe, it’s often forgotten that most of Israel’s founders and all its leaders have been secular Zionists.) The author, the product of an Italian-American family in Buffalo, served two tours of duty in […]

    Read more →
  • Food Jewish Identity Rugelach Roundtable: Does Beloved Pastry Need Dairy to Taste Good?

    Rugelach Roundtable: Does Beloved Pastry Need Dairy to Taste Good?

    JNS.org – Rugelach (singular: rugala) are a beloved traditional Jewish pastry, with a quirky history to boot, but they often present a kosher conundrum. Though parve rugelach are often a preferred dessert after a meat meal for those observing kosher laws (which stipulate a waiting period between eating meat and dairy), some of today’s most popular rugelach are known for their dairy fillings. Pastry chef Paula Shoyer—author of the books “The Kosher Baker: Over 160 Dairy-free Recipes from Traditional to Trendy” and […]

    Read more →