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March 14, 2013 12:22 am

Francis I and the Jews

avatar by Abraham Cooper

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Pope John Paul with Fabbi Cooper left and Rabbi Marvin Hier center

There are an estimated 2 billion Christians in the world led by a variety of religious leaders from Patriarchs to Metropolitans, and for many Protestant denominations, the World Council of Churches. Yet for World Jewry, there is but one Christian leader who has counted the most: The pope.

In the tumultuous 20th Century what popes said and did not say to and about Jews impacted directly on the destiny of the Jewish people.

In 1904, Theodor Herzl, the founder of modern Zionism asked Pope Pius X to endorse the Jewish people’s return to the Holy Land.  “We are unable to favor this movement. We cannot prevent the Jews from going to Jerusalem but we could never sanctionit”, the Pontiff replied.

In the 1930s, as the horrors of Nazism began to unfold, Pius XI increasingly denounced its racist ideology and anti-Semitism: In 1937, his encyclical “Mit brennender Sorge” condemned the Nazi ideology of racism and totalitarianism and before his death in 1938, Pius XI said this:

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“Mark well that in the Catholic Mass, Abraham is our Patriarch and forefather. Anti-Semitism is incompatible with the lofty thought which that fact expresses. It is a movement with which we Christians can have nothing to do. No, no, I say to you it is impossible for a Christian to take part in anti-Semitism. It is inadmissible. Through Christ and in Christ we are the spiritual progeny of Abraham. Spiritually, we [Christians] are all Semites.”

The pope’s words were not carried by the Vatican’s official Osservatore Romano newspaper or Vatican radio, and largely fell on deaf ears across Europe. His controversial successor, Pius XII never made such explicit condemnations during the Nazi Holocaust, when 6 million European Jews were being massacred.

After World WWII, Pope John XXIII, in word and deed, removed demonizing and denigrating language about Jews in the Catholic liturgy and through Vatican II unleashed the forces of reconciliation between the Church and world Jewry.

That legacy was dramatically accelerated by Pope John Paul II, the first pontiff to enter Rome’s Synagogue, to pray for Jewish victims at Auschwitz, to put a prayer kvittel in the cracks of the Western Wall and ultimately to establish full diplomatic relations with the Jewish state.

It was my honor to meet His Holiness twice at the Vatican, the second time as part of a small Simon Wiesenthal Center delegation that came to tell the dying ope these words: “Thank you and G-d Bless.”

During our later meeting with his successor  Benedict XVI, who continued the friendship with the Jewish people established by predecessor, we all expressed concerns about many of the same issues, especially terrorism inspired by and justified in the name of religion.

Pope Francis ascends the Throne of St Peter at a time of great challenges for him and Catholics the world over.

As for the Jewish people, we are currently witnessing a resurgent anti-Semitism across Europe, the demonization of our faith by Islamist extremists and calls by some Christians to condemn the Jewish State as a theological sin.

We look for a leader who understands the special relationship between our faiths. As Archbishop of Buenos Aires, he visited two synagogues and led Kristallnacht commemorations last November at the Buenos Aires Cathedral.

We look forward to meeting the new pontiff where one of the issues we will raise is our solidarity with some 200 million endangered Christians from Nigeria, to Egypt, Iran, and Pakistan.

We join with all people of faith in praying for Pope Francis’ success.

Rabbi Abraham Cooper is associate Dean of the Simon Wiesenthal Center in Los Angeles. Follow the Simon Wiesenthal Center on Facebook and on Twitter.

This article was originally published by Fox News.

The opinions presented by Algemeiner bloggers are solely theirs and do not represent those of The Algemeiner, its publishers or editors. If you would like to share your views with a blog post on The Algemeiner, please be in touch through our Contact page.

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  • mike farkas

    Life is a beautiful thing, and definitely not for the timid. Being always an optimist, no matter how tested (I’ve never really been tested that hard), I see these events with the new Pope as a great thing. How does g-d create these experiences for humanity, as for us as Jews? It’s a mysterious creation beyond human understanding. How was it that after world war II, and The united States was the only major power still be standing, with Harry Truman as president, who was getting so irritated by the prominent Jews of the world with their demands to let holocaust survivors to enter Palestine, that he almost decided to not co-operate just because of the pressure. He even made anti-Semitic statements that are of public record. Not until his Jewish former partner, in a small men’s haberdashery in Missouri,that failed, came to his long time friend…now the President of the United States, in tears, begging him to let his tortured bothers and sisters to enter Palestine from Cyprus… did the Exodus sail! Do you think that England, or any of the Arab Kings were happy about that? What do you think? But, in a moment in history
    the impossible set of circumstances came to fruition and a dream of 2,000 years, “next year in Jerusalem” became a reality. And pardon me, for this thought. If there never was a psychotic Nazi monster and his corps of murderers, would there an Israel today? The term “bershert, g-d’s will” certainly is impossible to understand. It is not, and is it not an amazing life, not for the timid? Mike Farkas

  • so MANY articles written in JEWISH or jewish publications.
    SO LITTLE WRITTEN ABOUT JEWS RETURNING TO TORAH OR THE ANCIENT RABBIS.

    ao MANY articles written about the vatican poops in room worrying about thier support of ISRAEL
    and nothing written about FEAR OF ‘ONE G-D’

    could be thats why JEWS SUFFER.
    WORRY ABOUT MAN THEN BE UNDER THE SCURTINY OF MAN.
    WORRY ABOUT G-D THEN BE UNDER THE PROTECTION OF ‘ONE G-D’

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