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September 24, 2013 8:53 am

The Rabbi as a Declining Jewish Profession

avatar by Shmuley Boteach

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A sukkah. Photo: Wiki Commons.

A curious thing happened the other day.

My son Mendy completed his rabbinic ordination after rigorous studies at an elite Chabad seminary in South Africa, and not all of his friends were happy for him.

Some of his former classmates, who are today studying to be movie directors, thought he would aim higher and choose a career in media. Others, headed to finance, were sure he would choose a more lucrative vocation. Still others, planning to go into politics, thought he would pursue something with real power and influence.

Welcome to a new era in the Jewish community, where money has so overtaken our professions that even doctors and lawyers are seen as failures compared to hedge fund managers and private equity executives.

Yes, I realize that money has always been important, and not just in the Jewish community. But there was a time – not all that long ago – when rabbis were the heads of the community, due to the qualifications conferred upon them by immersion in Jewish texts and a commitment to Jewish values.

Today, of course, philanthropists call the shots. In many synagogues, rabbis have been neutered by the boards who determine their contracts, rendering them harmless and colorless, bereft of opinion and conviction, and therefore, inspiration.

Indeed, it might be said that the prime ingredient of Chabad’s success was the rebbe’s vision of having rabbis build communities and bring philanthropists on board, in place of the current model, where money-men build communities and hire a rabbi they can control.

To be sure, some philanthropists are eminently qualified to give the community direction, especially those who are focused on deepening Jewish tradition and identity among our youth. On September 29 in New York City, our organization, This World: The Jewish Values Network, is staging an event on genocide, Syria, and the responsibility of the strong to protect the weak featuring President Paul Kagame of Rwanda and Professor Elie Wiesel in conversation.

The event will feature Sheldon Adelson and Michael Steinhardt, and not just because they are the most generous of communal philanthropists but because, through Birthright Israel, both have reached hundreds of thousands of Jewish youth whom the rabbis did not.

But even they would agree that after experiencing Israel, these young men and women who are Birthright alumni require charismatic, spiritual professionals to fan the glowing ambers of identity into a lasting flame.

I fear that money is becoming too important in our community, with the influence of rabbis being largely marginalized. Bar mitzvahs are elaborate to the point that they eclipse spiritual content. Weddings are expensive to the extent that young couples can hardly afford the life that follows. And our best and our brightest are headed to Goldman Sachs rather than rabbinical seminaries. Small wonder, then, that so many of us complain that on the High Holy Days the rabbi’s sermon puts us into a coma.

Here is where the festival of Tabernacles and the impermanence of the sukkah resonates with our generation in particular. The evanescence of property is the universal lesson and theme behind Sukkot, where God evicts us from our fancy homes and forces us to live in temporary huts, lest we grow so dependent on material comforts that they come to define our existence.

Displacing us from our comfort zone seems to be the consistent theme behind the High Holy Days and Sukkot. On Rosh Hashana, we are deprived of the surety of our very lives. As the “Unetaneh Tokef” prayer captures so powerfully, the day determines “Who will live and who will die; who will die at his predestined time and who before his time.” Then, on Yom Kippur, we are deprived of food and sustenance. Finally, on Sukkot, we’re dispossessed of our very homes. But amid the deprivation there is peace.

Last month, my wife and I climbed Mount Kilimanjaro and lived in a tent in freezing conditions for a week. We could not shower. Our sleeping bags were on the stony ground. There was something painful but also liberating in detaching ourselves from the modern amenities that have come to imprison us all. For the first time in years my mind felt unencumbered. I came to know myself deeper and better than before.

This Sukkot coincides with the fifth anniversary of the Wall Street meltdown, where people discovered that the bricks and mortar of their homes are so ephemeral that they can be repossessed by a bank over a delinquency of just a few thousand dollars. The message: there is nothing lasting in life save for a man’s convictions and a woman’s beliefs.

Some in America today see capitalism as a heartless expression of gluttony and investment bankers as leeches who have sucked the blood out of the financial system to fund their Ferraris. Others argue that capitalism is the very engine of economic prosperity and view the Wall Street protesters as envious anarchists who would transform the United States into a bankrupt socialist state.

As a capitalist, I agree that expecting the government to subsidize those capable of work creates an undignified dependency. “Man is born to work,” the Bible declares. But as a rabbi, I know that materialism is slowly suffocating our souls and hardening our hearts. Bear Stearns, Lehman, and Merrill Lynch collapsed not because their employees didn’t work hard enough, but because of the decadence of their values.

Sukkot forces us to focus on the transient nature of property so that we dare never allow material possessions to give our lives meaning. Life ought never be reduced to the vulgar acquisition of things. Rather, it is the family that moves into the sukkah with us that lends our fleeting existence permanence and our transitory lives purpose.

And it is the rabbis who inspire us to be more committed to the religious beliefs that give us something higher to live for than mere material acquisition.

Rabbi Shmuley Boteach of Englewood will shortly publish “Kosher Lust.” Tickets for the Kagame-Wiesel event, which he is moderating, can be booked here. Follow him on Twitter @RabbiShmuley.

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  • Mike P.

    The prayer services are too lengthy. We have accumulated 3,000 years of prayers into the siddur and consider almost all of it mandatory to cant, rapidly enough to complete, in just several hours. The amidah is repeated, then we have Musaf and repeat that as well. Four amidot on Shabbat…before lunch!

    If I step into a shul, I want a sermon that is truly interesting. I also want real analysis of the parsha and the haftorah. I also want to learn new insights about ethics and the degrees and extent of consideration required toward our fellow humans in even the finest details that seldom get considered–details that distinguish Jewish ethics from the broad brushstrokes offered elsewhere.

    There should be niggunim, dancing, discussion. And it should all be over and finished in 90 minutes, with only 40 of those minutes for the siddur.

    Then there should be healthy, high-quality food, even if in small quantity, socializing, and inviting strangers home for a meal.

  • Wally Right

    Shmuli , I’m a fan of yours so don’t get me wrong here. In Eastern Europe the rabbis told everyone to stay put and they were WRONG, WRONG, WRONG. They lost huge amounts of prestige as a class among Jews. And this still hasn’t been (and probably cannot be) repaired.

    Also, most rabbis are not like you: they do not engage with people year-round and frankly,don’t really give a hoot…

    Enjoy your debates with the otherwise-Messiahed by way…

    Auckland, New Zealand

    • A Real American

      Wally, I am glad that you have been able to not only re-write history (which Rabbis told their congregants to stay put in Eastern Europe and when??), but you have also had the opportunity to meet “most rabbis”. Two remarkable accomplishments.

      I have only had the pleasure to met a few hundred rabbis, but in my experience each in their own way relates to people day in and day out every day of the year.

      Perhaps the Rabbis you have met just don’t see their congregants enough year-around to “really give a hoot” about them.

  • Lawrence Kulak

    perhaps the reason why the Rabbinic profession has been on the wane is due, rather than only the materialism of society, but the fact that the Rabbis themselves have become all too materialistic. Pulpit Rabbis routinely refuse to discipline wayward congregants or to stand for certain unalterable principles if doing so might threaten their posts. As a result, respect is lost for the profession and those who are inclined to pursue ordination move on to other opportunities. I agree that there is a need to return to days gone by where Rabbis were looked upon for guidance and with awe by their congregations, but it is the Rabbis themselves who are to a large extent to blame. ‘Turning the other cheek’ as it were to the questionable behavior of the congregants in many instances has unfortunately become much too lucrative in an era before Moshiach when people hate being told what to do. I am afraid that in this economy especially, with little optimism in sight, that it will be near impossible to change this situation. Idealogues or idealists simply are not given much value anymore.

    an embarrassment to TORAH VALUES.

    you should have stayed in on Mt Kilimanjaro and made teshuvah there.

    Maybe they shunned your family because of YOU
    and michael jackson.

    make teshuva and stop publishing your off the path craziness.
    BECOME A TORAH JEW AGAIN if you ever was one.
    Maybe the only shul that would accept your sickness is chabad….I hope YOU dont change CHABAD
    and chabad changes your insanity