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February 18, 2016 2:00 pm

Archaeological Evidence of 7,000-Year-Old Settlement Discovered in Jerusalem

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A 7,000-year-old bead that was discovered in an archaeological dig in northern Jerusalem. Photo: Ronit Lupo/Israel Antiquities Authority.

A 7,000-year-old bead that was discovered in an archaeological dig in northern Jerusalem. Photo: Ronit Lupo/Israel Antiquities Authority. – Israeli archaeologists have discovered evidence of a 7,000-year-old human settlement in northern Jerusalem in a dig conducted in the Shaft neighborhood. The dig was organized and funded by the Moriah Jerusalem Development Corporation.

Remnants discovered from what archaeologists have said is the Chalcolithic period include buildings, pottery, flint tools, and a basalt bowl. That period in early human history is known for being the first time that humans used copper tools.

“Remains from the Chalcolithic period have been found in the Negev, the coastal plain, the Galilee, and the Golan, but they have been almost completely absent in the Judean Hills and in Jerusalem,” explained Israel Antiquities Authority (IAA) Prehistory Branch Chairman Dr. Omri Barzilai.

“We also recovered a few bones of sheep, goat, and possibly cattle,” said IAA Excavations Director Ronit Lupo. “These will be analyzed further in the Israel Antiquities Authority laboratories, permitting us to recreate the dietary habits of the people who lived here 7,000 years ago and enhancing our understanding of the settlement’s economy.”

Lupo added, “Besides for the pottery, the fascinating finds attest to the livelihood of the local population in prehistoric times — small sickle blades for harvesting cereal crops, chisels and polished axes for building, borers, awls, and even a bead made of carnelian (a gemstone), indicating that jewelry was either made or imported.”

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  • Mrs. S.

    According to Jewish tradition, the earth, in the secular year of 2016, is currently 5,776 years old.
    Radioactive dating of materials is unreliable.
    “The assumptions on which the radioactive dating is based are not only unprovable but plagued with problems. As this article has illustrated, rocks may have inherited parent and daughter isotopes from their sources, or they may have been contaminated when they moved through other rocks to their current locations. Or inflowing water may have mixed isotopes into the rocks. In addition, the radioactive decay rates have not been constant.” from
    “In view of the unknown conditions which existed in “prehistoric” times, conditions of atmospheric pressures, temperatures, radioactivity, unknown catalyzers, etc., etc., ..which could have caused reactions and changes of an entirely different nature and tempo from those known under the present-day orderly processes of nature…In fact, the very same rock dated with different elements, samarium and potassium, have given results that vary by one billion years.” from Mind Over Matter; Teachings of The Lubavitcher Rebbe, Rabbi Menachem Mendel Schneersohn On Science, Technology and Medicine