What Has Happened to the Anti-Defamation League?
I rubbed my eyes with incredulity when I read bizarre statements emanating from Jonathan Greenblatt, the CEO of the Anti-Defamation League (ADL), one of the most powerful American Jewish organizations, whose principal mandate is to combat antisemitism.
A few months ago, I was drawn into a heated dispute with Greenblatt, after criticizing a kumbaya address he delivered to J Street students — which included implicit criticisms of Israeli government policy and a failure to urge J Street to cease demonizing Israel and canvassing the US government to intensify pressure against the Jewish state. Instead, he should have encouraged them to engage in the battle against the mushrooming antisemitism proliferating on campuses. Greenblatt responded that he was “impressed” with these students and felt that they were “the future Jewish leaders of our community.”
But more recently, Greenblatt appears to have entirely lost the plot and has been behaving as though he remained employed by the Obama administration. He was entirely out of line in his condemnation of the Republican platform as “anti-Zionist” for omitting reference to a two-state solution. One can disagree about a two-state policy. But for an American Jewish organization, which must remain bipartisan and should be concentrating on antisemitism, to issue such a statement breaches all conventions. It is totally beyond the ADL’s mandate to involve itself in such partisan political issues.
Greenblatt is clearly obsessed with the subject of being “open minded” and tolerant of anti-Israeli groups. He made the extraordinary statement that, while disagreeing with Boycott Divestment and Sanctions (BDS) groups that promote antisemitism, he considers that they are “animated by a desire for justice” and we should “acknowledge the earnestness of their motives.” One is tempted to remind him that Islamic fundamentalists are also sincere in their beliefs and equally animated by their perverted concept of justice.
But the final straw is Greenblatt’s deepening associationwith the Black Lives Matter (BLM) movement.
Jews have a long and proud tradition of direct engagement in the civil rights campaign, in the course of which some even sacrificed their lives, making it all the more regrettable that since 1967, many African-American groups have been in the forefront of campaigns against Israel.
The ADL mandate is to combat all forms of racial discrimination, and therefore endorsing legitimate civil rights groups is commendable.
However, the recent manifesto released by BLM has clear antisemitic overtones. This should not come as a surprise to anyone. Last year, BLM endorsed a “Black Solidarity Statement with Palestine” that demonized Israel, accusing it of “ethnic cleansing,” “genocide,” apartheid, etc., and called on all black institutions to engage in BDS. BLM is engaged in anti-Israeli demonstrations, teach-ins and other activities, even including visits to Israel to protest “ethnic cleansing” and the “occupation.” It likened New York police behavior with alleged Israeli brutality against Palestinians, and in Atlanta, BLM accused Israeli counter-terrorist training of American police forces as being responsible for the shootings of black Americans.
Yet despite pleas and warnings, Greenblatt continues to associate the ADL — and, by implication, the Jewish community — with BLM. Incredibly, in his J Street address, he stated that “making sure that ‘Black Lives Matter’… are the struggles of our time.”
The ADL did criticize BLM’s accusations of genocide and apartheid and its promotion of BDS against Israel. But Greenblatt downplayed and marginalized the antisemitic elements to the initiatives “of a small minority of leaders” within the organization, stating that “Israel is far from a principal focal point in the more than 40,000-word document.”
While contending that the ADL did not “endorse” or have a formal relationship with BLM, Greenblatt refused to break with it. Thus, as of now, he insists that the ADL continue to endorse and promote BLM domestic educational material in its curriculum resources and family discussion guides in schools and elsewhere, because its concerns “are critical civil rights issues that merit attention.” To the best of my knowledge, Greenblatt also failed to publicly condemn the vicious lies and anti-Israeli statements made by the BLM group that visited Israel last month.
For any mainstream Jewish organization to continue providing legitimacy to a purported civil rights body that includes BDS and antisemitism in its policies on the grounds that only “a small minority of leaders” are responsible is unconscionable. For an organization like the ADL, whose principal mandate is to combat antisemitism, it is sheer lunacy.
Furthermore, when Congressman Hank Johnson, a black Democrat notorious for his hostility towards Israel, referred to Jews living in Judea and Samaria as “termites” — a foul antisemitic expression — Greenblatt, who was willing to condemn the Republicans for not relating to a two-state policy, saw fit to merely tweet: “This is an offensive and unhelpful characterization. Demonization, dehumanization of settlers doesn’t advance peace.” Such a timid response to this outrageous expression from American Jewry’s purported premier body designated to combat antisemitism is incomprehensible.
This is taking place at a time when antisemitism and demonization of Israel in American campuses, under the guise of human rights, has mushroomed, with some campuses being described as “cesspools” of antisemitism. That is the principal issue on which the ADL (and other major Jewish organizations) should now be concentrating.
It is also disconcerting that, aside from the Zionist Organization of America (ZOA), Jewish organizations have shrouded themselves in a curtain of silence and failed to dissociate themselves from this craven ADL approach.
Incredibly, Greenblatt actually directed his ire at the ZOA rather than the antisemites. He proclaimed to the Jewish Telegraphic Agency, “We are a civil rights organization. The ZOA is not. We are an organization focused on combating antisemitism and bigotry. The ZOA are not.” The ADL even castigated a Jewish newspaper for having the effrontery to publish ZOA chief Mort Klein’s justified criticism of ADL for failing to sever its links with BLM, claiming that such remarks amounted to “hate speech.” In other words, the ADL had the chutzpah to declare that the ZOA (which has played a major role in combating the demonization of Israel and antisemitism) has no right to express its dissent or criticism of the ADL.
This is a fundamentally serious issue for American-Jewish leadership. If mainstream Jewish organizations remain silent and fail to criticize the ADL’s reprehensible behavior, they will be ushering in a new era in which American Jewry’s hard-fought achievements and status in society will be severely undermined.
If the CEO of the ADL continues engaging in such partisan politics and refuses to prioritize his organization’s principal resources towards fighting antisemitism, he should step down. Otherwise, the $50 million plus ADL budget is likely to be dramatically reduced when supporters and donors recognize that the organization purporting to combat antisemitism is primarily focusing its efforts on seeking liberal acceptance by pursuing progressive agendas, denouncing conservatives, combating Islamophobia and becoming engaged in universal issues and social justice at the expense of its core mandate. These issues are handled by human-rights bodies that individual Jews can support as they deem appropriate.
The ADL central mandate must be to combat antisemitism, which is today largely manifested in the demonization and delegitimization of Israel. If it elects to abandon this objective, it does not warrant Jewish communal support.
Isi Leibler may be contacted at [email protected] This article was originally published by Israel Hayom and The Jerusalem Post.