Thursday, January 20th | 19 Shevat 5782

September 30, 2016 7:00 am

Peres the Statesman vs. Netanyahu the Demagogue

avatar by Alon Ben-Meir

Yasser Arafat, Shimon Peres and Yitxhak Rabin receive their Nobel Peace Prizes in 1994, Photo: Saar Yaacov/ GPO via Wikimedia Commons.

Yasser Arafat, Shimon Peres and Yitxhak Rabin receive their Nobel Peace Prizes in 1994, Photo: Saar Yaacov/ GPO via Wikimedia Commons.

The death of Shimon Peres highlights the stark difference in leadership between him and Prime Minister Netanyahu — the difference between a statesman and a demagogue. Peres never hesitated to change his position and embrace policies from the left, right, or center, as long as they served the country’s interests and advanced peace, which he always placed above party politics.

Netanyahu, however, has proven time and again that he is stuck in the past — holding fast to reactionary policies, and putting his personal ambitions and ideological bent above the national interest. Those who expected nothing new from Prime Minister Netanyahu’s speech at the UN General Assembly (UNGA) were not disappointed.

Netanyahu displayed his usual arrogant flair and confirmed what we already know — that he opposes the creation of a Palestinian state. In fact, he only further emphasized Israel’s historic and biblical rights to the entire “land of Israel,” making the prospect of peace increasingly remote, if attainable at all. His slogan of supporting two-states is just that — a slogan.

Indeed, his actions on the ground, and his views on the future disposition of the Palestinians’ land, point precisely in the opposite direction. Peres’ focus was, and remained throughout his life, to make peace with the Palestinians. He knew that Israel’s ultimate security and well-being rested on better and progressive relations between Israel and the Palestinians, and ultimately the wider Arab world.

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Netanyahu, in contrast, has been blinded by his ideological agenda, and fails to consider the effect and dire implications of his policies on Israel’s future security. At the UNGA, Netanyahu boastfully presented Israel as the world’s savior — as if he was the Messiah who brought the Israelis to the Promised Land and turned a barren desert into an oasis of milk and honey.

Peres, on the other hand, always demonstrated the leadership qualities and flexibility to pursue different strategies on behalf of peace. He never forgot that Israel is at its best when it is at peace with itself and its neighbors. Netanyahu wants to use Israel’s formidable power as a tool to subjugate the Palestinians, maintain the occupation, and create irrevocable facts on the ground that would make it impossible for his successor to establish a Palestinian state.

Peres put Israel’s survival first by developing a nuclear weapons program, knowing that Israel must possess the ultimate weapons to deter any sworn enemy that threatens the existence of the state. Netanyahu’s strategy, on the other hand, is shaped by daily events to ensure his personal political survival. He uses the continuation and expansion of the settlement project ostensibly to ensure Israel’s national security — when in reality the Palestinians cannot and will never pose an existential threat to Israel.

Peres leaves a legacy, however controversial, as a statesman who deservedly earned his Nobel Peace Prize by forging the Oslo Accords in 1993, which also led to the Israeli-Jordanian peace agreement two years later; Israel now considers that agreement the bedrock of its security on its western front.

Conversely, after becoming Prime Minister in 1996, Netanyahu began the systematic destruction of the Oslo Accords, ignoring the implications of his reckless actions and charting the path that led to continuing violence that eventually culminated in the Second Intifada.

Peres realized that given Israel’s size and volatile neighborhood, it must become an active and supportive member of the international community. Netanyahu, on the contrary, has and continues to pursue policies that increasingly isolate Israel, and alienate Israel’s closest friends (including the US) who revile him for his policies that undermine Israel’s, and their own, interests.

Peres fully embraced the Arab Peace Initiative (API), which was introduced in 2002 and provides a framework for Israeli-Palestinian peace in the context of a comprehensive Arab-Israeli peace, which could lead to the recognition of Israel by more than 50 Arab and Muslim states. Netanyahu rejected the API out of hand, arguing that it was presented on a take it or leave it basis, when in fact he never contemplated negotiating peace with the Palestinians under any framework. Suggesting, as he did in his UNGA speech, that he welcomes the spirit of the API is just not true.

Peres was the last remaining key figure of Israel’s founding generation, who had a vision of where Israel should be in the future. However controversial or idiosyncratic he was, he never strayed from his vision to secure an independent, proud, and democratic nation as the home of the Jewish people in perpetuity. Netanyahu has no clue where Israel will or should be 10 or 15 years down the line. His policies are undercutting the democratic foundation of the country, and overtly discriminating against Israel’s Arab population while maintaining the occupation and endangering the Jewish national identity of the state.

As Netanyahu attends Peres’ funeral, he should remember that Peres was the statesman who understood that as long as Israel enjoys the upper hand, it must allow the Palestinians to live in a free and democratic state of their own. Israelis and Palestinians are ordained to live side by side; they must chart a destiny of amity and peace, or be doomed together. Netanyahu would do well to think whether he wants to be remembered as the statesman who realized Peres’ dream, or the demagogue who led his people astray and shattered their millennia-old aspiration to finally live in peace.

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