Lithuanian High Schoolers Creating E-Book to Document History of Destroyed Jewish Community
An initiative has been launched to teach Lithuanian high school students the history of the country’s complicity in the Holocaust, with a goal of reaching a total of two dozen schools by the end of 2017, the Jewish Press reported on Monday.
The project, called “A Young Persons’ Guide to Lithuania’s Vanished Litvak Communities,” will culminate in the creation of an e-book “about Lithuania’s sadly forgotten Litvak history, heritage and culture,” according to the project’s Facebook page. Each school involved in the program will write a chapter.
The program, which has included educational seminars about Lithuania’s activities during World War II and student trips to former Jewish towns and ghettos, was started by the International Centre for Litvak Photography (IC4LP), an NGO founded by Britain-born Lithuanian transplant Richard Schofield.
Schofield, a non-Jewish documentarian and photojournalist, told the Jewish Press he became interested in telling the story of the country’s destroyed Jewish communities after he noticed that Lithuanians did not discuss and were not even familiar with that element of their country’s history. He said that he became “haunted by these ghosts [of the Holocaust] and [I] refuse to rest until their memory is properly respected” — which meant forcing Lithuanians to take an honest look at their own history.
According to Schofield, high schoolers were walking away from their history classes with disturbing misinformation, like thinking Jews were murdered because they were communists, as one student said they had been taught.
Schofield has put much of the blame for this culture of non-education on the state. Only last year, the Lithuanian government promised to publish the names of 1,000 Nazi collaborators, including some hailed as national heroes — information officials had covered up for decades.
“The Holocaust in Lithuania is a Lithuanian issue, not a strictly Jewish one,” Schofield said. “More and more people are realizing this, and realizing, too that it’s okay for your country to have some pretty dark moments in history.”
“I’m not on a big mission,” Schofield told the Jewish Press. “In fact, I’ve always tried to avoid the Holocaust. But no one teaches the children that about 120,000 people were murdered.”
Though Schofield is neither a trained educated nor an historian, he has connected with world-renowned Holocaust scholars through his work at the IC4LP.
One of the topics Schofield has tackled in the high school program has been the rise of the “Holocaust selfie,” or the practice seen primarily among millennials of taking pictures at Holocaust memorials, Nazi killing fields and concentration camps.
“We’re not here to shame these young people,” Schofield said. “We know they’re mostly good kids like most kids are.”
IC4LP has already visited seven schools, amounting to hundreds of students. It plans to hit its goal of 50 institutions and publication of the e-book by February 2018, as part of Lithuania’s upcoming centenary celebration of its independence.