UNESCO’s Cave of the Patriarchs Measure Is Latest Example of ‘Narrative Warfare’ Against Israel, Experts Say
JNS.org – According to legal experts, an upcoming vote by UNESCO on whether to declare Hebron’s Cave of the Patriarchs to be an endangered Palestinian heritage site is just the latest example of “narrative warfare” against Israel and the Jews by the UN’s cultural body.
The “emergency resolution” that UNESCO presented to its World Heritage Committee claims that Israel is causing “irreversible negative effect on the integrity, authenticity and/or the distinctive character of the property,” which the resolution refers to as the Ibrahim Mosque — not the Cave of the Patriarch. The Hebron site is where the Jewish patriarchs and matriarchs Abraham and Sarah, Isaac and Rebecca, and Jacob and Leah are believed to be buried.
The vote on the resolution is tentatively scheduled to take place during UNESCO’s July 2-12 summit in Krakow, Poland.
“Anyone who comes to the Cave of the Patriarchs can see that the building is well-maintained, and open for members of all faiths to pray,” said Yishai Fleisher, the international spokesman for the Jewish community of Hebron, who noted that the site’s largest room is reserved almost exclusively for use as a mosque by local Arabs.
Further, Fleisher explained that like the Western Wall, “the Cave of the Patriarchs monument was built by a Jewish king” — King Herod — more than 2,000 years ago.
“Suggesting first, that the site of the burial of the Jewish patriarchs and matriarchs is a Palestinian heritage site, and then suggesting that the site is in danger, is a fraudulent interpretation of history. It is a classic case of the narrative warfare [that] the Palestinians are waging on the Jewish people,” Fleisher, a trained lawyer, told JNS.org.
In May, UNESCO’s Executive Board passed a resolution denying Israeli sovereignty over Jerusalem. And last October, UNESCO passed two separate resolutions ignoring Jewish ties to Jerusalem’s holy sites.
Israel needs seven opposing votes to block the Cave of the Patriarchs resolution. Yet none of the 10 countries who opposed May’s resolution about Israeli sovereignty over Jerusalem are part of UNESCO’s World Heritage Committee, which seemingly stacks the odds against Israel in the upcoming vote.
Regarding UNESCO’s claims about the Cave of the Patriarchs, Israeli Deputy Foreign Minister Tzipi Hotovely said, “We have become [accustomed] to the concept of ‘fake news’ — well, welcome to ‘fake history.’”
According to Eugene Kontorovich, a senior researcher at the Kohelet Policy Forum and a professor at Northwestern University’s law school, the Palestinians are “essentially turning the UN specialized agencies into an echo chamber for the most extreme, deranged anti-science claims, and making a laughingstock of the UN.”
“It is particularly ironic that the UN’s economic, science and culture organization is taking as ‘anti-science’ a measure as one can get, because there is no debate amongst historians about the Jewish connection to the Cave of the Patriarchs,” Kontorovich told JNS.org. “As a matter of historical science, that is not disputed.”
“The Cave of the Patriarchs has been there for over 3,500 years (predating King Herod’s monument at the site), so it is very strange that all of a sudden there is an emergency,” Kontorovich said.
Kontorovich pointed out that the Cave of the Patriarchs is the one holy site at which members of any faith can openly come to pray, and have for decades.
“It is [also] ironic that this is being treated as an emergency, because … in areas where there is Palestinian or Muslim control, Jews cannot freely [visit or pray]” he said, citing such examples as the Tomb of Joseph in Shechem. “That would be a true issue for UNESCO to address.”
‘Pogrom on Jewish history’
Kontorovich said that the “truly shameless part” of the situation is that UNESCO is holding the vote in Krakow.
“The place where Jews were killed without a burial in Europe is the place where the Palestinians are going to deny the very first Jewish burial place,” he said. He then added, “I would hope that the Polish government, which really tries hard to honor the memory of the Holocaust, would not allow the site of one of the largest crematoria in Europe to be used for an attempt to erase Jews from history.”
Echoing this sentiment, Fleisher called the vote a “pogrom on Jewish history taking place in Krakow.”
Unilateral actions and responses
While the Oslo Accords call for neither the Israelis nor Palestinians to take unilateral actions in the Mideast conflict, the Palestinians “feel that they can do whatever they want unilaterally within the international diplomatic and political scene, without fearing any consequence,” Kontorovich said.
“The question is whether there will be any consequences, and what is the Israeli government going to do?” he said.
In May, Israel deducted $1 million from its annual funding to the UN, following the UNESCO resolution on sovereignty over Jerusalem. Israel also withheld $2 million from the UN following the passage of anti-Israel resolutions at the UN Human Rights Council in March, and cut $6 million in UN funding in the aftermath of last December’s UN Security Council resolution that described eastern Jerusalem’s Jewish holy sites as “occupied Palestinian territory.”
Kontorovich said that Israel should go further and “cut [every] last penny to UNESCO,” particularly because the US already no longer funds the cultural body. He asked, “How can it be that Israel is contributing to UNESCO, and the US is not?”