SPME BDS Monitor: Hate Arises on US College Campuses
The BDS movement on campus has swiftly aligned itself with “antifa” protests against “white supremacy,” which usually accuse Israel and its supporters of being racists and fascists. At the same time, a report by a leading anti-BDS group indicated a drop in the number of BDS campaigns on campus — but an increase in their sophistication, underhandedness and hostility. The report supports the observation that BDS is only nominally about support for Palestinians, but is really a form of organized antisemitism that grafts itself onto contemporary causes and movements.
The BDS movement was off to a quick start on college campuses in September.
At the University of Illinois, the Students for Justice in Palestine (SJP) chapter held a “Smash Fascism” rally on campus that announced that there was “no room for fascists, white supremacists, or Zionists at UIUC.” Advertising for the event stated that the “confluence of fascism and Zionism is becoming more obvious by the day” and that “two forms of racial supremacy merge seamlessly together, the Palestinian struggle for human rights and dignity can set the model for discursive changes.”
The statement also noted that “violent resistance, whether it is a black bloc or full scale armed conflict, also has its place.” During the protest itself, participants yelled “No justice! No peace! No war in the Middle East! No Zionists, no KKK, resisting fascists all the way.”
In partial response, the university chancellor issued a statement, saying, “Painted swastikas, chalked epithets on sidewalks, KKK costumes and anti-Semitic attacks hidden under the guise of anti-Zionist rhetoric are all too common,” and, “Bigotry, racism and hate will never be tolerated here at Illinois.”
Strategies of equating Zionism with fascism and white supremacy were also seen in student-made “disorientation guides” that condemned universities for their “complicity” in Israel’s destructive “imperial” projects.
At New York University, one such guide condemned the school’s alleged “myriad racist, Zionist, and homophobic policies,” as well as NYU’s branch campus in Tel Aviv and Birthright Israel, which was described as “pure propaganda designed to obscure the destruction of Palestinian homes, lives, history, and culture.”
The equations of Zionism with racism and fascism come as campuses continue to be riled by controversies over free speech, and, more ominously, as evidence mounts showing that substantial numbers of students and faculty believe that some forms of speech are not protected — and that violence against some speakers is justified.
Campus protests against “white supremacy,” racism and fascism, which include the harassment of speakers and the shutting down of events, follow a pattern pioneered by the BDS movement. But some of these incidents have not gone unchallenged.
For example, harassment of Israel speakers by Students for Justice in Palestine at the University of California at Irvine in May have resulted in mild sanctions from the university. The response from Palestine Legal, the legal protection arm of the BDS movement, condemned the sanctions as “a politically motivated choice to curtail the speech activities of students who stand up for Palestinian rights.”
Alleging violations of the BDS movement’s free speech rights to engage in actions that deprive pro-Israel students from engaging in any form of speech, represents a growing trend by the BDS movement, which appears to have been partially endorsed by some in the mainstream media.
Hijacking campus causes is also standard for the BDS movement. After an apparently racially motivated assault near the Cornell University campus, the student government there issued a condemnation. At the last moment, however, comments were added condemning the university’s collaboration with the Technion: “Cornell Tech was built with the support of an institution that has led to the loss of thousands of lives in the Palestine-Israel Conflict.” The comment was likely added in response to the recent opening of the Cornell-Technion campus in New York City. Another university-wide “take a knee” protest was hijacked by a BDS supporting faculty member, chanting “Free Palestine.”
In a possible — and apparent — case of retaliation for speaking out against BDS, a long-serving lecturer at the University of Maryland was dismissed on short notice. Reports indicate that Melissa Landa, who became active in opposing BDS in 2015 — specifically at her alma mater, Oberlin College — was warned by her supervisor to discontinue those activities. The supervisor then allegedly retaliated in a variety of ways, including reassigning Landa from projects that she had developed.
Landa filed a faculty grievance in early 2017, but in June, the university declined to renew her contract. She plans a lawsuit against the university. The case illustrates the possible ways in which universities can penalize outspokenness against BDS.
More positively, the McGill University student government ratified a judicial board ruling stating that BDS constituted discrimination on the basis on national origin, and was thus prohibited. The University of Wisconsin student government also opened the fall semester by ordering the body’s head to apologize for holding a vote on a last minute BDS resolution during Passover last spring.
A recent report from the Israel on Campus Coalition reviewed the overall shape of the BDS and anti-Israel situation on campus during the 2016-2017 academic year. It noted more than twice as many pro-Israel as anti-Israel events, and that the number of anti-Israel events dropped by 20% over the past year, including ‘apartheid weeks’ and anti-Israel talks. The number of BDS campaigns also dropped to 20 from the previous year’s 33. The report found that anti-Israel programming declined in California, but increased in the Midwest. The report also pointed to local efforts to rebrand BDS as part of broader “intersectional” and human rights campaigns, as well as the usual underhanded tactics — such as hijacking events and scheduling votes on Jewish holidays.
Importantly, the report noted, “Although BDS activity saw an overall decline, BDS campaigns were more sophisticated and aggressive, with professional organizations investing greater resources in campus divestment efforts.” The increased professionalization of BDS, through sophisticated organizing and digital campaigns, and support entities such as Palestine Legal, should be cause for concern. As for the focus on the Midwest, this might be the result of the region’s proximity to Chicago, which is the headquarters for American Muslims for Palestine (SJP’s supporting organization) and the American Friends Service Committee’s main BDS office. Chicago and Illinois are also major Arab American centers, and American Muslims for Palestine has put BDS at the forefront of issues for that community.
The trajectory of the BDS movement on campus — nominally down, but up in terms of sophistication, underhandedness and hostility — has had an obvious impact on Jews and Israel supporters on campus. On the one hand, it is important that efforts to expose and otherwise push back against BDS have had some measurable successes. On the other hand, the impact of BDS has never been measurable strictly in terms of numbers of events, but rather on long-term attitudes towards Israel and Jews.
BDS is also been increasingly framed in terms of “intersectional” support for causes such as feminism and fossil fuel divestment, and opposition to “white supremacy,” “imperialism,” “fascism,” and resistance the Trump administration.
The theme of the upcoming Students for Justice in Palestine (SJP) conference, “A Reimagined World: Dismantling Walls from Palestine to the Rio Grande,” makes it clear that the BDS movement’s co-optation strategy is expanding, regardless of the impact on higher education.
In this sense the implications of the BDS movement go well beyond Jews and Israel, and must be set within a larger range of “opposition movements.” The impacts of these movements are now being measured, particularly on campuses. One result might be the increased mainstreaming of antisemitism. Another unmistakable result of violent campus protests in 2016 and early 2017 has been the reporting of dropping enrollments and financial stresses at the University of Missouri, Evergreen State and Oberlin.
It is too soon to say whether anti-free speech protests and riots at the University of California at Berkeley and elsewhere will produce similar results in terms of enrollments and finances. But protest movements that emulate and align with the BDS movement have undermined the credibility and viability of educational institutions in the eyes of students, parents and lawmakers.
The impact of the BDS movement on the political sphere was also apparent last month in Illinois, where a controversy emerged when the Democratic candidate for governor, Daniel Biss, was forced to replace his BDS supporting running mate, Chicago Alderman Carlos Ramirez-Rosa, after pressure from fellow Democrats.
The controversy came about as awareness grows regarding the escalating hostility of some in the Democratic Party to Israel. This is reflected in the stances of three leading contenders for the 2020 presidential race, and from Bernie Sanders, who is increasingly regarded by some as the party’s “foreign policy maven;” he has now called for reducing military aid to Israel and enhancing relations with Iran.
In the international arena, there were several important BDS-related developments in September. Most significant were reports that the king of Bahrain would end his country’s boycott of Israel, and that Bahraini citizens could travel to Israel. The move would represent a major assault on the Arab League boycott of Israel that has been in place since 1945.
The contexts for the move include the growing political relations between Israel and various Gulf states, which build upon long-standing but low-key economic relations. Equally important, however, is the role of Israel as an ally to the Sunni coalition opposing Qatar and the Iranian power structure across the Middle East. Most observers suggest, however, that full normalization of Israel-Bahrain relations remain unlikely.
Less positively, Canada’s largest union, Unifor, voted to adopt a BDS resolution calling for a boycott of Israel until it “implements a permanent ban on further settlement construction in the OPT, and enters into good faith negotiations with representatives of the Palestinian people for the purpose of establishing a viable, contiguous and truly sovereign Palestinian state.”
Another negative development was the vote to allow the “State of Palestine” to join Interpol, which will give the Palestinian Authority (PA) a new platform to vilify Israel. The PA will also be able to issue international notices for information on individuals and to call for arrests. Individuals likely to be targeted include Palestinian political figures and Israelis. Israel and the United States lobbied strongly against the vote, and condemned the results.
This article was originally published by SPME here.