Jordan Beefs Up Defenses on Syria Border
Jordan’s army has sent reinforcements to its northern border with Syria as Syrian government forces backed by Russian air strikes appear poised to seize the main frontier crossing from rebels, officials said on Friday.
The army, which had deployed more armored vehicles in the area, has set in motion “contingency plans to face any eventuality” as the Syrian government offensive closes in on the Nasib crossing, diplomatic sources said.
Reopening the crossing, a vital trade artery which has been in rebel hands since 2015, is a major objective of the Syrian government campaign that aims to recover the entire southwestern corner of Syria from rebel foes of President Bashar al-Assad.
But Jordan, a staunch ally of the United States, wants first to make sure that Assad’s Russian allies play a central role in stabilizing southern Syria, fearing that any upheaval there will affect its own security, officials in Jordan said.
Jordan has always taken a cautious approach to the Syrian conflict that spiraled out of street protests against Assad’s rule in 2011.
Though Jordan was an important sponsor of rebels in the south, analysts said this support was always aimed primarily at safeguarding its border from security threats such as Islamic State militants, not toppling Assad.
Amman has played a leading role in getting Syrian rebels to agree to terms of surrender that include stationing of Russian military police in the south. Rebels hope the Russians will guarantee the safety of civilians from state retribution.
An official said Jordan is favorable to a Russian military police presence on parts of the border to help exclude Iranian-backed militias that have been supporting Assad’s forces and which are seen as a menace by Amman.
Witnesses said military vehicles flying Russian flags were spotted near the Nassib crossing on Friday.
The Syrian government campaign has created a new problem for Jordan in the shape of tens of thousands of civilians who have fled the offensive toward the border.
The United Nations has called on Jordan to open its border. Jordan, which is already hosting some 650,000 Syrian refugees, has refused so far, citing a combination of security and economic pressures.
The UN refugee agency says around 60,000 Syrians have gathered near the Nassib crossing. The total number of displaced by the offensive now stands at over 320,000 people.
Footage posted on social media of women and children pleading with King Abdullah to let them in has generated a wave of sympathy in Jordan with the plight of the newly displaced Syrians.
Syrian families have set up tents near the border in the hope Jordan will let them in. Some say they cannot contemplate returning to live under Assad’s rule, and that they would instead storm the frontier.
“There is no option for us if we see them (the regime) getting close,” said Omar Abu Hamed, who fled from Russian bombing in the town of Saida, which fell to government troops on Thursday. He added that people feared persecution or worse.
Another displaced Syrian, Umm Zaid, a mother of five who had lost her husband in the latest offensive, said she would break through the fence if necessary, speaking to Reuters from the border area by phone.
General Mahmoud Freihat, Jordanian chief of staff, has warned the army will deter any threat to Jordanian security.
But “we cannot direct our arms toward a civilian or displaced (person) and we are dealing with this matter with caution,” he was quoted as saying by a state newspaper.