Annexation Isn’t What Will Prevent Peace
JNS.org – You’ve no doubt seen the media reports of politicians and pundits “deeply concerned” about or outright condemning Israel’s apparent intention to apply sovereignty to about 30% of Judea and Samaria (aka the West Bank).
Some in the United States and Europe have issued dire warnings that such “annexation” would:
- Be nearly universally viewed as a violation of international law.
- Render a two-state solution impossible.
- Choke off any hope of peace.
- Erode the strong support among the American people for Israel.
As we’ll see, these predictions are either false, arguable, or self-fulfilling. None is a sure thing.
Above all, these warnings ignore the chief enabler of Israel’s decision to apply its law to some half a million Jewish Israelis living in Judea and Samaria, the ancient Jewish heartland: Arab rejection of at least six generous offers to form a Palestinian state in this region over 72 long years.
First, the term “annexation” is a red herring. Annexation implies the seizure of land that belongs to another country, like Russia recently did in Crimea. But the land in question here was ceded to the Jewish nation at the San Remo Conference back in 1920, then ratified by the League of Nations and affirmed by the United Nations.
Since the defeat of the Ottoman Empire in World War I, no nation has held legal claim to the land of Judea and Samaria except Israel. Although Jordan illegally occupied this territory between 1948-1967, it was driven out by Israel during the Six-Day War.
Jordan formally ceded control of Judea and Samaria to Israel in the peace treaty of 1994 — once more settling legal rights to this land.
As for Palestinian Arabs, feel what you may about whether this group “deserves” independence or is “morally entitled” to their own state; in point of fact, there is no nation of Palestine, and the Palestinians have never held sovereignty over any land anywhere. What’s more, the Palestinians have no claims to Judea and Samaria through legally binding actions of any world body.
Thus, to assert that Israel’s application of sovereignty would be “universally” considered illegal under international law misses the point. In actual fact, it is not annexation but restoration, and it is not illegal. Thankfully, broad consensus does not establish international law — rather binding facts, agreements, and precedents do.
Indeed, if critical politicians truly care about the sanctity of international law, it’s their duty to fight courageously against such a legal perversion in the court of world opinion.
Second, the notion that Israeli sovereignty over parts of Judea and Samaria would make a two-state solution impossible is only an opinion, not a fact. Many people, including the current US administration and a large number of Israelis and Arab leaders, believe it is possible and are willing to put money and energy into making it happen — given a willing Palestinian partner.
Of course, there’s the rub. Those who say the current US peace proposal or extended Israeli sovereignty make a two-state solution unworkable are simply reflecting the tired, decades-old position of the Palestinians.
The truth is, the Palestinians have rejected every proposed configuration of territory for peace over seven decades — largely because, as many Arabs frequently admit, no borders that include a Jewish state are acceptable to them.
Third, some American politicians claim that applying Israeli sovereignty to parts of Judea and Samaria would strangle any hopes of peace between Israel and the Palestinians. Since the Palestinian Arabs have rejected peace proposals in 1948, 1967, 2000, 2001, and 2008, including generous offers of 97% of Judea and Samaria and a capital in Jerusalem, it’s rather difficult to say exactly what a deal-breaker looks like to the Palestinians. They haven’t even agreed to sit down to discuss peace for nine years.
It’s clear that the passage of time and historical developments have made previous land-for-peace offers non-operable — Israel surely won’t repeat them. Unfortunately, those who claim that Israeli sovereignty in Judea and Samaria would be a deal-breaker offer no realistic idea of what the Palestinians would accept.
Finally, the claim that extension of Israeli sovereignty would alienate the American public could be true, but only if politicians and their pundit supporters continue to bad-mouth Israel unfairly on this issue. If these American politicians support Israel — as they should — and explain to their constituents that Israel is making this move in a reasonable attempt to establish security on its vulnerable eastern flank and protect its citizens from attacks by enemies like Iran, their constituents will not turn against Israel.
In fact, the favor of the American people on whether Israel has rights and reasons to establish sovereignty in Judea-Samaria will largely be a function of how honestly and forcefully our thought leaders — politicians, the media, and pro-Israel advocates — explain the truth.
Palestinians don’t have independence because for almost three generations they’ve rejected every single peace proposal of any kind — including the latest one, which would give them 70% of Judea and Samaria and $50 billion for development.
Surely Israel should not have to foreclose a bright, safe future simply because the Palestinians refuse to embrace their future.
James Sinkinson is President of Facts and Logic About the Middle East (FLAME), which publishes educational messages to correct lies and misperceptions about Israel and its relationship with the United States.