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October 10, 2016 7:56 am

A Yom Kippur Guide for the Perplexed, 2016

avatar by Yoram Ettinger

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Yom Kippur painting circa 1900 by Isidor Kaufmann. Photo: Wikipedia.

Yom Kippur painting circa 1900 by Isidor Kaufmann. Photo: Wikipedia.

1. Yom Kippur is a day of hope and optimism, in addition to a solemn day of soul-searching. The Day of Atonement provides a unique awareness of one’s own character and track record, as well as the opportunity to upgrade relationships with relatives, friends, associates and the community at-large.

2. Yom Kippur’s focus on forgiveness highlights humility, fallibility, soul-searching faith, compassion, thoughtfulness, being considerate, accepting responsibility and magnanimity.

3. The first human being, Adam, was created on the first day of the Hebrew month of Tishrei. Human-beings are accorded an opportunity to recreate themselves spiritually, each year, on Yom Kippur — the 10th day of Tishrei, which is an Acadian word for forgiveness and Genesis.

Yom Kippur culminates 10 days of genuine, heart-driven atonement and repentance, which begin on Rosh Hashanah. Ten has special significance in Judaism: God’s abbreviation is the 10th Hebrew letter (Yod – י); there are 10 attributes of God — Divine perfection — that were highlighted during the Creation; the Ten Commandments; the Ten Plagues; there are 10 reasons for blowing the Shofar; individuals are commanded to extend a 10 percent gift to God (tithe); Ten Martyrs (Jewish leaders) were tortured/murdered by the Roman Empire; there were 10 generations between Adam and Noah and between Noah and Abraham; a 10-person-quorum (minyan in Hebrew) is required for a collective Jewish prayer; etc.

4. Yom Kippur is observed on the 10th day of the Jewish month of Tishrei, whose astrological sign is Libra. Libra symbolizes key themes of Yom Kippur: scales, justice, balance, truth, symmetry, sensitivity and optimism. Libra is ruled by the planet Venus (Noga, נגה, in Hebrew), which reflects divine light and love of other people.

5. Yom Kippur is a day of forgiveness for sins committed against God. It is customary to dedicate the eve of Yom Kippur to apologies for sins committed against fellow human-beings. However, apology and/or compensation are not sufficient if they do not elicit expressed forgiveness by the injured person.

6. Yom Kippur commemorates God’s covenant with the Jewish people, and God’s forgiveness for the sin of the Golden Calf.

7. Yom Kippur and the Jubilee both highlight liberty and subordination to God. The Jubilee — sanctifying each 50th year by proclaiming liberty, as inscribed on the Liberty Bell — is announced by blowing the shofar (a ritual ram’s horn) on Yom Kippur. The Jubilee liberates people physically and spiritually. The word “jubilee” (יובל) is a Hebrew synonym for shofar.

8. The Hebrew word Kippur, כיפור (atonement/repentance), is a derivative of the Biblical word Kaporet כפורת (the cover of the Holy Ark in the Sanctuary), and Kopher, כופר (the cover of Noah’s Ark and the Holy Altar in the Temple). Yom Kippur resembles a spiritual cover (dome), which separates the holy and the mundane, and spiritualism and materialism. The Kippah, כיפה (skullcap), which covers one’s head during prayers, reflects a spiritual dome.

9. Yom Kippur calls for repentance — Teshuvah (תשובה in Hebrew). The root of Teshuvah is similar to the root of the Hebrew word for return, שובה, and שביתה, the cessation of mundane thoughts, actions and eating. It is also similar to the root of Shabbat, שבת. Yom Kippur is also called Shabbat Shabbaton — the supreme Sabbath.

10. The Hebrew spelling of “fast” (צם/צום) reflects the substance of Yom Kippur. It is also the root of the Hebrew word for “reduction” and “shrinking” (צמצום) of one’s wrong-doing, and the root of the Hebrew words for “slave” (צמית) and “eternity” (צמיתות).

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  • John Ashcraft

    Sing for joy to God our strength; shout aloud to the God of Jacob!
    2 Begin the music, strike the tambourine, play the melodious harp and lyre. 3
    Sound the ram’s horn at the New Moon, and when the moon is full, on the day of
    our Feast; 4 this is a decree for Israel, an ordinance of the God of Jacob. 5
    He established it as a statute for joseph when he went out against Egypt, where
    we heard a language we did not understand. 6 He says, “I removed the
    burden from their shoulders; their hands were set free from the basket.

    Psalm 81:1-6

    New Moon according to you astrology but according to me, it is Astronomy. Full moon to you is astrology but to me it is astronomy.
    If you want, I colud list all the astronomy passages for you and show you that G-d has a lot of investment into Astronomy which you call astrology.
    Genesis 1:1 –Is it Astronomy or Astrology? Gen 1:14–Is it Astronomy or Astrology.
    Ps 81:3– Is it Astronomy or Astrology. By your definition all three of these passages is Astrology. If that is the case, then cut them out of your Bible since you do not want to talk about Astrology.
    You are lower than a goyim since you call Astronomy astrology.

  • John Ashcraft

    Yom Kippur prior to the Flood had a global earthquake (Axial Poleshift) and can occur on this Yom Kippur of 5777. If it does occur, it will be 6.0 to 10.0.
    The other timeframe is at the end of 5777.

  • John Ashcraft

    Yom Kippur is also the Day that the Day of the Lord begins and its end is Ezekiel 38/39 War or the Christain Armageddon (Joel 3:15) of Judgment of the Nations in the valley of Jehoshaphat or valley of Decision.
    Are you read for it to begin this year of Jubilee?

  • Reb_Yaakov

    Judaism should not be discussed in relation to astrology.

    • John Ashcraft

      You mean to say, Judaism should not be discussed in relation to astronomy.

      It should not be discussed in relations to Gen 1:14; Psalm 19:1-4a; Isaiah 24-27; Isaiah 66:7-8a Job and its heavenly passages; 30 percent of the Bible; Isaiah 13:6-9; Jeremiah 6:22-30; Jeremiah 13:21; Hosea 13:13; Genesis 15:1, 4-6; Daniel 2:48; Daniel 9:25-26a; Genesis 1:1; Numbers 24; Haggai 2:7. If you want me to, I could list 30% of Bible for your reference.
      People like you get astronomy mixed up with astrology. By the way, I have over 500 pages on Day of Atonement any time you want to sharpen your sword. In all, I have close to 5000 pages tied to Leviticus 23.
      The first animal of the Bible that was sacrificed was on the Day of Atonement.
      John Ashcraft and Nibiru and Isaiah 24. Look up for Nibiru arrives now to destroy 2/3rds of the earth. It is either at the beginning of 5777 or at its end.
      Between these two blogspots, there is close to 1000 pages.
      I am autistic with Asperger Syndrome and my obsessions are Leviticus 23 tied to Jewish Eschatology, and Biblical Eschatology, and Christian Eschatology. I am also a Jew from Poland on my mother’s side.

      Gene 6:3 And man shall live 120 years/Jubilees. Creation of the earth was in 4001 BCE according to counting the Shemitah’s from 2015/5774 backwards. 3983 BCE-6000 years =5777.
      Battle of Jerusalem 1917+100 years = 2017//5777.
      6th Day war +50 years = 2017/5777
      Israel became a nation in 1948 1 to 2 days prior to Shavuot but the proclamation went out in 1947 +70 years (Psalm 90:10) = 2017/5777
      2017- generations 38, 40, 50, 70, 80, 100, and 120 years line up to significant events with Israel.
      Judah ben Samuel Prophecy 10th Jubilee = 5777
      Abrahma’s Birth 1947 BCE +2017 years = 70 CE (Destruction of the Temple) + 1947 years = 2017/5777.
      3 7’s means completion (The end) of human kind.
      Isaiah teaches the Day of the Lord is a one year event and covers around 300 prophecies being fulfilled during that 12 months.
      If the end is 2017, then the beginning of the Day of the Lord (Joel 2) is on Yom Kippur (Joel 2:15= Lev 23:27-34; Lev. 16) tomorrow or at the end of 5777 year.

    • John Ashcraft

      Maybe the entire Bible should not be discussed in relation to Judaism.

    • 4 deployments to the east

      Mr Reb_Yaakov , ever read Job & about Mazzaroth ?